Nursing

Philosophy

We believe that persons, existing as individuals, families, groups, and communities, are complex and diverse biological, psychological, social, cultural and spiritual beings. Humans are unique, possess dignity, worth, respect, and have the capacity for compassion and caring for others, and the right to self-determination. Humans have the right of choice; thus, they are accountable for their actions. As continually developing beings, humans adapt to or modify an ever-changing environment as they strive toward a state of self-actualization.

 

We believe that persons live in and interact with the environment, and each is affected by the other. The environment is the totality of all conditions and circumstances that surround and have an impact on the development and adaptive functions of individuals, families, groups, and communities. The interrelationships of factors in the environment, both internal and external to individuals, families, groups and communities, create a milieu in which these systems grow and change; thus, influencing their state of health.

 

We believe that health is an essential ingredient for optimal quality of life. Health is a dynamic state of being influenced by biological, psychological, social, and cultural factors. Humans take deliberate

 

actions to accomplish health goals, to achieve a high-level of well-being, and to care for self and /or others. Well-being is a perception of health and human existence, and is influenced by lifestyles and human experiences within the context of culture and society. Attaining and maintaining health and well- being are the responsibility of a society and its members as a whole. Every individual, family, group, and community has the right to access nursing and health care within the parameters of available health resources.

 

We believe that nursing is an esthetic art, a scientific discipline, and a practice profession accountable to society for responding to its health needs. Nursing is characterized by providing unique, specialized, and caring health services, in collaboration with individuals, families, groups, and communities, for the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of optimal health and well-being.

 

We believe that professional nursing is a dynamic process that evolves as the nurse intervenes and addresses needs of individuals, families, groups, and communities. Professional nursing includes interrelated theoretical and practice components. The theoretical component involves the synthesis and application of knowledge from nursing, physical, social, biological and behavioral sciences as well as the humanities. Critical thinking, clinical inquiry and decision-making, and effective interpersonal, oral, written, and technological communication strategies, and psychomotor skills characterize the practice component. Professional nurses function independently and interdependently in a variety of settings and are ethically and legally accountable for the quality of their practice. The professional nurse practices in the roles of provider of care, designer/manager/coordinator of care, and member of a profession to continuously improve client outcomes through system effectiveness and individual performance.   

 

We believe that professional nursing education, built on a foundation of liberal arts, sciences, and humanities, guides the learner to attain competencies required for professional nursing practice. Nursing education acknowledges that learners are a student population with diverse cultural backgrounds, learning styles, abilities, educational experiences, and life and work experiences. The design of the nursing program recognizes learner’s previous education, life and work experiences as well as individual student values. During the educational process, students have multiple opportunities to enhance their self-awareness; to promote professional identification, commitment and collegiality; to synthesize and apply knowledge; to be introduced to and build upon psychomotor skills; and to internalize the results of changes in attitudes, values, thoughts, and behaviors. Baccalaureate education prepares graduates to function as generalists in any health care setting while master’s level nursing education “provides graduates with a fuller understanding of nursing in order to engage in higher level practice and leadership in a variety of settings” (AACN, 2010, p. 4). Education is a life-long process and it is the responsibility of each professional nurse to seek life-long educational opportunities.       

 

We believe that learning is a dynamic process that results in a change in attitude, values, thoughts, and behavior. Each student is unique and learning is influenced by needs, style of learning, age, and past experiences. The student is responsible for learning and must be self-directed and motivated for learning to occur. Learning occurs through the development of critical thinking, active inquiry, clinical

 

decision-making, and active participation in the educational process. Faculty has the responsibility to design learning activities that are innovative, multi-sensory, and progressing from simple to complex. Faculty and students share the responsibility for creating an educational climate that fosters intellectual inquiry, freedom of expression, critical thinking and creativity, and facilitates the development of learner potential. In the teaching/learning process, faculty is responsible for functioning as facilitators, resource persons, and role models, providing educational opportunities for the nursing profession without regard to race, age, creed, color or national origin.