strategies are available to educators to deter plagiarism. At first glance,
it may appear to be a great deal of work, but these options may decrease
the frustration of detecting and proving plagiarism in students' work
at the end of the semester. Of course, all of these approaches do not
have to be implemented to assist in the prevention of plagiarism. However,
the more strategies applied, the less likely the students are tempted.
Education may prove to be the best defense against plagiarism, and monitoring
may be the second best.
- Explain on your
syllabus your position on plagiarism. Reference UNCP's
Academic Honor Code, which provides details regarding the standards
of academic honesty and integrity, violations (including plagiarism),
penalties, procedures for handling cases, and advice to faculty.
- Define plagiarism
for your students and provide examples, such as improperly citing sources
used, improperly paraphrasing a source, copy-and-paste techniques, and
downloading papers from the Internet.
- Explain the importance
attribution and demonstrate the proper style required. Provide students
with a location to access the preferred style manual. (The Sampson-Livermore
Library provides access for many style manuals. Style
manuals are available online also.)
- Demonstrate for
your students that you are knowledgeable in detecting Web plagiarism
and are familiar with free and fee-based term paper sites. Remind them
that you can access full-text databases as easily as they can.
- Design your term
paper assignments so procrastination is not an option for students.
Early in the semester, assign topics pertinent to the class material
or approve topics selected by students after some justification process.
Topics that are regionally focused may decrease the accessibility to
ready-made term papers.
- Require students
to research a number of resource formats for their term papers, including
books, journal articles, Internet resources, and personal interviews.
If appropriate, you may require them to conduct a survey to create some
original research that has a local concentration.
- Explain what resources
are acceptable for the term paper and why. Information that is ten years
old may not be acceptable for one topic, but may be for another. Many
topics will require information that is less than three years old. Remind
students that information found on the Internet is not necessarily valid
- Provide students
with a project timeline as a guide for term paper deadlines. Include
on the timeline a one page discussion of the students' intended research,
an outline, an annotated bibliography of resources, and multiple drafts.
- Require students
to provide a copy of the first page of each resource they plan to cite
in their bibliographies a week before the paper is due (or, with the
term paper when it is due).
- Explain to students
that part of their final exam will focus on what they learned as a result
of researching their term paper. Essay questions may range from explaining
the process of doing a research paper, to synthesizing what they learned
about their topic, to expanding on what further research would be appropriate
based on what they found.
Some information concerning
plagiarism and suggestions for its prevention and detection were confirmed
or enhanced from a variety of sources, all of which are listed in the following bibliography.
Wednesday, May 11, 2011
Return to Web Plagiarism